Mnemonics - General

Many of these mnemonics are decades old.
Mnemonics - Anatomy
Mnemonics - Clinical
Mnemonics - MCAT


    Amino Acids
      Eight Essential Amino Acids
        "I Like To Teach My Vets Lumbar Puncture."
          Isoleucine, Leucine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Methionine, Valine, Lysine, Phenylalanine.
      Hydrophobic Amino Acids
        "Pro GAV PIL."
          Proline, Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Phenylalanine, Isoleucine, Leucine.
      Amino Acids with OH-containing side-groups
          Serine, (OH), Tyrosine, Threonine.
      S-containing Amino Acids
          (S), Cysteine, (U), Methionine.
      Basic Amino Acids
          Histidine, Arginine, Lysine.
      Amino Acids with COOH-containing side-groups
          Aspartate, Glutamate.
      Amino Acids with CONH2-containing side-groups
          Asparagine, Glutamine.
      Amino Acids with aromatic side-groups
          Histidine, Tryptophan, Tyrosine, Phenylalanine.


      Goodness (Glucose)
      Gracious, (Glucose-6-P)
      Father (Fructose-6-P)
      Franklin (Fructose-1,6-diP)
      Did (Dihydroxyacetone-P)
      Go (Glyceraldehyde-P)
      By (1,3-Biphosphoglycerate)
      Picking (3-phosphoglycerate)
      Pumpkins (2-phosphoglycerate)
      PrEPare (Phosphoenolpyruvate [PEP])
      Pies (Pyruvate)

    Citric Acid Cycle

      Oh (Oxaloacetate)
      Citric (Citrate)
      Acid (Aconitate)
      Is (Isocitrate)
      Of course (Oxalosuccinate)
      A (Alpha-ketoglutarate)
      SiLly (Succinyl-CoA)
      STupid (Succinate)
      Funny (Fumarate)
      Molecule (Malate)

    Dicarboxylic acids (alpha, omega) from C2-C10

      "Oh My, Such Good Apple Pie, Sweet As Sugar"
      oxalic, malonic, succinic, glutaric, adipic, pimelic, suberic, azelaic, sebacic

    Molecular Genetics

      "EXons EXpressed, INtrons IN the trash"
      DNA expression into mature mRNA

      Pyrimidines are "CUT" from purines.
      Pyrimidines are Cytosine, Uracil, Thiamine and are one ring structures. Purines are double ring structures.


    Coordinating Conjunctions
      "BOAF SYN"

    Elements of Stories

      "Very Many Pupils Come To School"
      Viewpoint, Mood, Plot, Characters, Theme, Setting

    Figures of Speech

      "Most People Sing In Harmony"
      Metaphor, Personification, Simile, Irony, Hyperbole

    Literary Genres

      Plays, Poetry, Prose

    Proofreading (see Grammar Basics)

      "PMS-Mad VIP p.s. San Francisco Cathode Ray Tube"
      "PMS-Mad VIP p.s. SF CRT"
        P Pronouns
        M Modifiers (dangling & misplaced ones)
        S Subordination
        M Mixed constructions
        V Verbs
        I Infinitives (split)
        P Parallelism
        P Punctuation
        S Spelling
        S Subjunctive mood
        F Fragments
        C Comma faults
        R Run-on sentences
        T That, which, who
      "I before E
      Except after C
      Or when sounded as 'ay'
      As in 'neighbour' and 'weigh'."

      E.g. achieve, yield, believe,
      ceiling, receive,
      their, reign.


    Great Lakes

      From West to East:
      "Sergeant Major Hates Eating Onions"
      Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario


    Geological Ages

      "Practically Every Old Man Plays Poker Regularly"
      Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Myocene, Pileocene, Pleistocene, Recent

      "Camels Often Sit Down Carefully. Perhaps Their Joints Creak. Possibly Early Oiling Might Prevent Premature Rheumatism"
      Cambrian, Ordovician, Sirillian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurrasic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Myocene, Pileocene, Pleistocene, Recent


      "In 1492
      Columbus sailed the ocean blue"
      Columbus's "discovery" of America


    Functions of Complement
        Chemotaxis - of phagocytes
        Opsonization - of pathogens
        Lysis - of pathogens


        IgM, IgA, IgD, IgG, IgE

    White Blood Cells

      (In order of decreasing numbers)
      "Nobody Likes My Educational Background"
        N Neutrophils
        L Lymphocytes
        M Monocytes
        E Eosinophils
        B Basophils


      "Don't buy when the market's sky high
      And don't sell at the bottom of a well
      For you know the market feeds
      On peoples' fear and greed
      The gurus say buy low, sell high
      Easier said than done say I
      Timing the market may lead to profit
      But more often is catastrophic
      Forget the fancy computations,
      Theoretical models, and speculations
      Look at the trend
      And consider it your truest friend
      The surest way to your weight in gold
      Is simply to buy and hold"

    Interest Rates

      "When rates are low
      Stocks will grow
      When rates are high
      Stocks will die"




      "Death Before Dishonor!" Cried Rick.
        Breach of duty,
        Damage, and
        that is not too Remote.

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