Mnemonics - General


Many of these mnemonics are decades old.
Mnemonics - Anatomy
Mnemonics - Clinical
Mnemonics - MCAT

Biochemistry

    Amino Acids
      Eight Essential Amino Acids
        "I Like To Teach My Vets Lumbar Puncture."
          Isoleucine, Leucine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Methionine, Valine, Lysine, Phenylalanine.
      Hydrophobic Amino Acids
        "Pro GAV PIL."
          Proline, Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Phenylalanine, Isoleucine, Leucine.
      Amino Acids with OH-containing side-groups
        "SHOTT"
          Serine, (OH), Tyrosine, Threonine.
      S-containing Amino Acids
        "SCUM"
          (S), Cysteine, (U), Methionine.
      Basic Amino Acids
        "HAL"
          Histidine, Arginine, Lysine.
      Amino Acids with COOH-containing side-groups
        "Ag"
          Aspartate, Glutamate.
      Amino Acids with CONH2-containing side-groups
        "Ag"
          Asparagine, Glutamine.
      Amino Acids with aromatic side-groups
        "HTTP"
          Histidine, Tryptophan, Tyrosine, Phenylalanine.

    Glycolysis

      Goodness (Glucose)
      Gracious, (Glucose-6-P)
      Father (Fructose-6-P)
      Franklin (Fructose-1,6-diP)
      Did (Dihydroxyacetone-P)
      Go (Glyceraldehyde-P)
      By (1,3-Biphosphoglycerate)
      Picking (3-phosphoglycerate)
      Pumpkins (2-phosphoglycerate)
      (to)
      PrEPare (Phosphoenolpyruvate [PEP])
      Pies (Pyruvate)

    Citric Acid Cycle

      Oh (Oxaloacetate)
      Citric (Citrate)
      Acid (Aconitate)
      Is (Isocitrate)
      Of course (Oxalosuccinate)
      A (Alpha-ketoglutarate)
      SiLly (Succinyl-CoA)
      STupid (Succinate)
      Funny (Fumarate)
      Molecule (Malate)

    Dicarboxylic acids (alpha, omega) from C2-C10

      "Oh My, Such Good Apple Pie, Sweet As Sugar"
      oxalic, malonic, succinic, glutaric, adipic, pimelic, suberic, azelaic, sebacic

    Molecular Genetics

      "EXons EXpressed, INtrons IN the trash"
      DNA expression into mature mRNA

      Pyrimidines are "CUT" from purines.
      Pyrimidines are Cytosine, Uracil, Thiamine and are one ring structures. Purines are double ring structures.

English

    Coordinating Conjunctions
      "BOAF SYN"
        But
        Or
        And
        For
        So
        Yet
        Nor

    Elements of Stories

      "Very Many Pupils Come To School"
      Viewpoint, Mood, Plot, Characters, Theme, Setting

    Figures of Speech

      "Most People Sing In Harmony"
      Metaphor, Personification, Simile, Irony, Hyperbole

    Literary Genres

      "3P's"
      Plays, Poetry, Prose

    Proofreading (see Grammar Basics)

      "PMS-Mad VIP p.s. San Francisco Cathode Ray Tube"
      "PMS-Mad VIP p.s. SF CRT"
        P Pronouns
        M Modifiers (dangling & misplaced ones)
        S Subordination
        M Mixed constructions
        V Verbs
        I Infinitives (split)
        P Parallelism
        P Punctuation
        S Spelling
        S Subjunctive mood
        F Fragments
        C Comma faults
        R Run-on sentences
        T That, which, who
    Spelling
      "I before E
      Except after C
      Or when sounded as 'ay'
      As in 'neighbour' and 'weigh'."

      E.g. achieve, yield, believe,
      ceiling, receive,
      their, reign.

Geography

    Great Lakes

      From West to East:
      "Sergeant Major Hates Eating Onions"
      Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario

Geology

    Geological Ages

      "Practically Every Old Man Plays Poker Regularly"
      Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Myocene, Pileocene, Pleistocene, Recent

      "Camels Often Sit Down Carefully. Perhaps Their Joints Creak. Possibly Early Oiling Might Prevent Premature Rheumatism"
      Cambrian, Ordovician, Sirillian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurrasic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Myocene, Pileocene, Pleistocene, Recent

History

    Columbus
      "In 1492
      Columbus sailed the ocean blue"
      Columbus's "discovery" of America

Immunology

    Functions of Complement
      "COL"
        Chemotaxis - of phagocytes
        Opsonization - of pathogens
        Lysis - of pathogens

    Immunoglobulins

      "MADGE"
        IgM, IgA, IgD, IgG, IgE

    White Blood Cells

      (In order of decreasing numbers)
      "Nobody Likes My Educational Background"
        N Neutrophils
        L Lymphocytes
        M Monocytes
        E Eosinophils
        B Basophils

Investing

    Strategy
      "Don't buy when the market's sky high
      And don't sell at the bottom of a well
      For you know the market feeds
      On peoples' fear and greed
      The gurus say buy low, sell high
      Easier said than done say I
      Timing the market may lead to profit
      But more often is catastrophic
      Forget the fancy computations,
      Theoretical models, and speculations
      Look at the trend
      And consider it your truest friend
      The surest way to your weight in gold
      Is simply to buy and hold"

    Interest Rates

      "When rates are low
      Stocks will grow
      When rates are high
      Stocks will die"

Law

    Contracts
      "OAC"
        Offer
        Acceptance
        Consideration

    Torts

      "Death Before Dishonor!" Cried Rick.
        Duty,
        Breach of duty,
        Damage, and
        Causation
        that is not too Remote.



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